Brazil is an example to the world when it comes to the production of clean energy, and has been making strides towards renewable sources, which accounted for 45.3% of the energy mix in 2018. The fastest growing renewable was solar power, which increased by 298%, followed by wind and hydro.
The figures show that the Brazilian energy mix is the cleanest among the 10 largest economies in the world and can be considered an example to be followed: 83% of electricity comes from renewable sources. In the case of biofuels (anhydrous and hydrous ethanol and biodiesel), the share in the transport sector’s energy mix exceeds 23%, which is 7 times the global level of 3.3%.
In 2018, Brazil consumed 288.4 million toe (tons of oil equivalent) – the energy needed to fuel the economy –, which is equivalent to 2% of the energy consumed globally. This energy emitted 410.6 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2), which results in 1.42 tCO2/toe. This emission indicator is 39% lower than the global average and 36% lower than that for the developed world.
This goes to show that Brazil is keeping with the Paris Agreement by exceeding the agreed targets. The commitment to reach 45% of renewables in the energy mix by 2030 was exceeded back in 2018. With a share of 18.9% of modern bioenergy in the 2018 mix (17.4% for sugarcane products and 1.5% for biodiesel), Brazil is also exceeding its commitment to reach 18% of modern bioenergy by 2030.
It should be pointed out that – for the first time in history – energy production in Brazil exceeded demand, with a surplus of 1.6% in 2018.
*Charts – Resenha Energética Brasileira, ed. 2019: http://www.mme.gov.br/documents/1138787/1732840/Resenha%2BEnerg%C3%A9tica%2BBrasileira%2B-%2Bedi%C3%A7%C3%A3o%2B2019%2Bv3.pdf/767fd42f-2fc2-43cc-8265-f67f299aca0d
Source: Portal Gov.br